Burgerman's build your own Car & Motorcycle Nitrous Oxide Injection Systems
 (NOS*)  --  DIY Nitrous Kits for Cars or Motorcycles since '87  & Essential info and reading for ALL Nitrous Oxide System users!

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> Nitrous Jet Charts:  Correct Nitrous and Fuel jets for different power outputs and fuel pressures


Jetting Chart

PDF file for printing: Download

Or scroll down to see HTML Jetting Chart.

These settings should be OK for MY SYSTEMS ONLY! (Due to types of solenoid, the actual Jet positions) - They MAY be OK for other systems as well, but please be careful!

All engines and setups will vary a little from these settings for optimum performance. These settings should give you a slightly “over rich” and a "safe" starting point under most conditions.

 

This slightly over rich setup is preferred for standard production cars anyway, although racers with stronger, modified engines and ignition systems & timings may wish to tweak them a little later on.  This chart below applies to systems that are jetted at the solenoid outlets only! 

US Style systems that are jetted at the "nozzle" may well be different. And such things as the diameter of the Nitrous Supply Line, has an effect on total flow too. All My systems should be using 3.75mm bore "braided brake pipe type hose" from bottle to solenoid or 4mm nylon for sub 70bhp systems.  If you use 4mm Nylon type pipe, with 1.7mm bore, then its only OK up to about 70BHP, after which the length of the pipe becomes a problem due to the pressure loss over long lengths. 
 
Remember this is only a starting guide! If you want really BIG power boosts you may need to go slightly “richer” still (more fuel) than this or very occasionally leaner.  With most healthy engines a small (20% to 30%) increase should be OK with standard ignition timing.  If in doubt or it sounds “harsh” then retard it by a few degrees! Should sound smooth, and simply accelerate harder.

Actual power gains have been calculated from known constants (theoretical calculation) and tested in practice, when dynamometers (Dyno's) were used to actually measure the results over many years.

The measured power gains have been extremely close to what is actually calculated on a variety of different naturally aspirated vehicles once correctly set up. All engines use Nitrous Oxide at different efficiencies though, so results will vary lots.  Turbo cars and bikes are a good example here since the actual power gain given is often far higher than expected, and turbo lag is all but completely eliminated with full boost at much lower RPM's.  In all cases it is best to begin testing with smaller Nitrous & Fuel jets first (say 25bhp on a car or big bike) and then listen carefully and check spark plugs as you go up to your desired final BHP increase. There are limits though! Don't go too far!

A Weber "carb" jet used here screwed into the (modified)  fittings, that in turn screw into the Solenoid valves outlets so the jets are as close as possible to the actual solenoid valves seating. This gives far more accurate flow control than fitting the jets into the actual injectors or "foggers" especially when used with a pulse width modulation type Nitrous "controller".

These cheap plastic fittings will work, for testing and development work, but its FAR better to use brass, stainless steel, or metal plated fittings with nuts and olives in the longer term.

With the plastic push lock type fittings as shown its not unknown for a pipe to fall out when they get a bit "hard" with age! It's ok provided you check condition often, but not as good as the metal / nuts & olives "permanent" solution! Be warned!

 

 

 

 The GREEN fields represent the standard +25 bhp, +40 bhp, +50 bhp, +70 bhp, and +100 bhp systems   

Nitrous Jet Size In Millimetres

1mm = 0.03936 inch

Approx Power increase with 800 psi Nitrous Oxide pressure

Fuel Jet  (mm)
for a 3 BAR or 45 psi (above manifold) fuel injected

Fuel Jet (mm) for a Separate fuel pump & regulator set to 10 psi pressure

Fuel Jet (mm) for a fuel pump & regulator that also feeds carburettors at 3 psi

Motorcycles that use gravity feed from tank

No Fuel pump needed

Check! FLOW RATE - Disconnect the pipe from the injector, or from the distribution block (if used) and time how long it takes to fill a 1 Pint container with fuel. With Nitrous Bottle disconnected, and the engine is running, and the Fuel Solenoid energised. (+ / - 5%)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

      0.30

6.3 bhp

Too small for reliability & practicality

0.30

0.40

-

    1 pint fuel delivered 1031 seconds

      0.35

8.6 bhp

0.35

0.50

-

  1 pint fuel delivered 755 seconds

      0.40

11.2 bhp

0.40

0.55

-

  1 pint fuel delivered 580 seconds

      0.45

14.2 bhp

  0.300

0.45

0.60

-

  1 pint fuel delivered 457 seconds

      0.50

17.5 bhp

  0.325

0.50

0.70

-

  1 pint fuel delivered 317 seconds

      0.55

21.2 bhp

  0.350

0.55

0.75

-

  1 pint fuel delivered 309 seconds

      0.60

25.2 bhp

  0.400

0.60

0.80

*1.50

  1 pint fuel delivered 260 seconds

      0.65

29.5 bhp

  0.450

0.65

0.90

*1.70

  1 pint fuel delivered 216 seconds

      0.70

34.3 bhp

  0.475

0.70

0.95

*1.90

  1 pint fuel delivered 191 seconds

      0.75

39.4 bhp

  0.500

0.75

1.00

*2.10

  1 pint fuel delivered 162 seconds

      0.80

44.8 bhp

  0.525

0.80

1.10

*2.10 / no jet

  1 pint fuel delivered 144 seconds

      0.85

50.6 bhp

  0.550

0.85

1.15


For 40 bhp upwards a

pump is needed so follow RED jet sizing options

Or a pipe from a larger size fuel solenoid

to distribution block with a bigger internal bore than 2.5mm could be used instead

  1 pint fuel delivered 130 seconds

      0.90

56.7 bhp

  0.600

0.90

1.20

  1 pint fuel delivered 114 seconds

      0.95

63.2 bhp

  0.625

0.95

1.30

  1 pint fuel delivered 103 seconds

      1.00

70.0 bhp

  0.675

1.00

1.35

1 pint fuel delivered 92 seconds

      1.05

77.1 bhp

  0.700

1.05

1.40

1 pint fuel delivered 84 seconds

      1.10

84.7 bhp

  0.725

1.10

1.50

1 pint fuel delivered 77 seconds

      1.15

92.5 bhp

  0.775

1.15

1.55

1 pint fuel delivered 71 seconds

      1.20

100.2 bhp

  0.800

1.20

1.60

1 pint fuel delivered 65 seconds

      1.25

109.3 bhp

  0.825

1.25

1.70

1 pint fuel delivered 59 seconds

      1.30

118.3 bhp

  0.875

1.30

1.75

1 pint fuel delivered 55 seconds

      1.35

127.5 bhp

  0.900

1.35

1.80

1 pint fuel delivered 51 seconds

      1.40

137.4 bhp

  0.950

1.40

1.90

1 pint fuel delivered 47 seconds

      1.50

157.5 bhp

  1.000

1.50

2.00

1 pint fuel delivered 41 seconds

      1.60

179.2 bhp

  1.075

1.60

2.15

1 pint fuel delivered 36 seconds

      1.70

202.3 bhp

  1.150

1.70

2.30

1 pint fuel delivered 32 seconds

      1.80

226.8 bhp

  1.200

1.80

Use Larger Solenoid

1 pint fuel delivered 29 seconds

      1.90

252.7 bhp

  1.275

1.90

1 pint fuel delivered 26 seconds

      2.00

280.0 bhp

  1.350

2.00

1 pint fuel delivered 23 seconds

 

 

*Bikes do not necessarily require a pump or a pressure regulator.  The “weight” or head of fuel sat in the tank (provided it is above the injection point) and the inlet tracts “low pressure” ensures a reliable flow.  The precise amount of flow varies, but these jet sizes generally give a safe and rich mixture.  In the case of 2.10 mm fuel jet, no fuel jet is really needed because the actual diameter of the 4mm OD nylon tubing is 2.1mm inside the olive once tightened up and this restriction gives the same or very slightly more fuel flow, as the jet would have done.  In some cases without a fuel jet on gravity fed systems, a better final setting will be to fit the next nitrous jet higher, (45 bhp 0.80 mm) instead to give the required mixture.  Disregard the fuel delivery rate column here, as this applies only to pumped systems.  Before you try this 0.8 mm jet make sure it is running rich enough with the 0.75 mm Nitrous jet first. 

Approx Power for any given Nitrous jet:
Nitrous Oxide Jet’s bore, in mm squared x the constant 70 = Power increase in bhp at 800 psi Nitrous bottle pressure

Approx Fuel jet Calculations:
At 45 psi  - Jet size mm squared x 157  = correct fuel for x power   (Nitrous jet diameter in mm minus 33%)
At 10 psi  - Jet size mm squared x 70    = correct fuel for x power   (Nitrous jet size = Fuel Jet size)
At   3 psi  - Jet size mm squared x 38.4 = correct fuel for x power   (Nitrous jet plus 35% in mm diameter)

Formula for “time” (T) in seconds to deliver 1 pint of fuel for a given horsepower rating:                         
T = (the constant) 6500 divided by “Horsepower” or… T = 6500/P  (Where P is Power)

 

Web design & contents, Nitrous / fuel Jet Sizing, technical information, pictures, charts are all © 1987 and on. Any theft will be pursued vigorously..

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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